Breast Milk Bank research in the light of Islam

Lets see Breast Milk Bank research in the light of Islam” After birth, it is not possible for the baby to consume any food other than breast milk to protect and nurture his life, so after conception, a woman’s breasts naturally release milk for the baby.

The love and affection that is born in her heart motivates her to breastfeed her baby. Islam also allows a woman other than the mother to breastfeed a child who has the status of a foster mother and the status of a foster mother is the same as that of a real mother.

If the child loses both the mother and the father, God willing, it is the responsibility of the heirs to arrange for breastfeeding.

Therefore, according to Islamic rules and regulations, it is certain that a child can drink the milk of another woman besides his mother during breastfeeding.

Until recently, breastfeeding was the norm According to this; the child drank the milk of his mother or any other woman directly.

Breast Milk Bank

Breast Milk Bank

This new form of modern times has emerged that human milk banks have been created, where human milk is stored and milk is being provided to the needy children.

When all human organ banks were established in Europe, including eye bank, skin bank, blood bank, semen bank, egg bank, etc. At the same time, Malik Bank was also established.

In Malik Bank, milk was collected from women who gave donated or valuable milk and they were protected from germs and sealed in packets.

And when doctors see a baby being overweight or malnourished, or unable to develop properly due to another illness, they recommend breast milk.

And sometimes his own mother did not have milk at that time and there was a lack of cooperation in the social situation. To deal with such a situation, she started setting up a milk bank.

Breast Milk Bank research in the light of Islam

It was certainly a big step in medical science and the doctors who started it must have started in the service of humanity. If for some reason the baby cannot get breast milk, then the baby is rarely found in the breastfeeding family because no woman likes to be bound to another’s baby.

In Eastern countries and especially in Islamic countries, usually one or the other woman from the family is ready to breastfeed such a child and it is easily available due to which the need for Malik Bank is not felt much here. Malik Bank But the requirements of Islamic law were quite different, which raised questions.

We are debating whether the establishment of Malik Bank is permissible or prohibited in Islam. If it is permissible, with what conditions? It is in Islam that when a child is breastfed by a woman at the age of breastfeeding, that woman becomes his mother.

And that child cannot marry her, and similarly the children of that woman are her sister and brother Will become, and can not marry them.

The problem in this regard is that if a child drinks milk from Malik Bank, how will he know which woman he has breastfed .Similarly, if the milk of two or three women was collected in one packet, then which woman will become his mother or all women will become mothers?

Arguments of Breastfeeding Milk Bank Proponents

Arguments of Breastfeeding Milk Bank Proponents

Having Permission For Selected Partial Ijtihad

This is a modern requirement, in which the selected details are allowed to the contemporaries as they are better aware of their problems so they are given some authority over it.

Also, the door of Ijtihad is open and not closed; it is open only for the jurisprudential solution of modern problems.

Doubts Do Not Prove The Shari’ah Rules

Doubts do not prove the Shari’ah rules. The jurisprudential rule is that certainty cannot be dispelled by doubt. There are many doubts about providing milk to children through Malik Bank.

Therefore, according to the majority of jurists, if breastfeeding is not proven in case of doubt, then it should not be proved to be haraam.

A Fatwa Will Be Issued On Ease Instead Of Hardship

Hazrat Ayesha says that whenever the Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) was given authority over two things, he chose the easy as long as it was not a sinful act. The rules of jurisprudence are derived from this hadith. When the matter becomes narrow, it will be expanded.

Needs allow illegitimate matters. Therefore, the same principle should be followed here the job of the jurists is not to create violence but to grant leave

Collecting The Milk Of Two Women In One Pack

Given this situation, we are faced with the situation that if a baby is breastfed from a packet in which the combined milk of two women was collected.

In the case of the Hanafis and Maliki jurists, breastfeeding will be proved only by the woman whose milk is the most abundant. Only Hanbali jurists will prove breastfeeding for all women whose milk was included in this packet.

Opponents Of The Breast Milk Bank & Their Arguments

Opponents Of The Breast Milk Bank & Their Arguments

  • They are most feared in Islamic society because it is a religious issue and that is to collect milk from many mothers and mix them and then give it to the child in a situation where there is no knowledge of these women. Which woman breastfed the baby?
  • And when such ignorance arises, it is feared that tomorrow the foster brother will marry his foster sister or his foster aunt, foster aunt. Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) said: What is haraam by lineage is also haraam by breastfeeding.
  • Even in countries with high technical capabilities, such as the United States, etc., storing milk in a milk bank is a source of great inconvenience. And it costs a lot of money. This kind of stored milk becomes a victim of microbes. And some of its properties and qualities are lost as a result of decomposition, which occurs as a result of microbes or over time. In other countries, the situation is even worse.
  • In developing countries, the problem is even greater in the case of Malik Bank because the technical capabilities and the standard of cleanliness are not so good and to protect the milk from micro-organisms and decomposition for a long time. It is very difficult.
  • In Europe and the United States, the Milk Bank may have had some success, but in Egypt, Pakistan they are absolutely not needed because physical breastfeeding is not difficult here, as 85% of mothers breastfeed their babies themselves and the rest In case of breastfeeding, natural milk is available and the few that are left have access to adequate artificial milk or other alternatives to breastfeeding.
  • He pointed out that Malik Bank’s trade would enable the poor to engage in its trade and poor mothers would start giving their milk to the children of the rich instead of their own children.
  • Even if it is allowed to be established by legalizing it, it would be a wrong decision and a social riot. There will be many epidemics in this riot-ridden society. Will be deprived of their natural right to buy and sell human milk as a result of which many mothers will misuse it.
  • As is currently the case with the sale and purchase of blood and the illegal sale and purchase of other human organs. After all, mothers are the only group in the world that will be involved in the business of selling milk for many of their material needs.
  • In this way, the germs and viruses of many mothers’ diseases will come together in packets and spread from place to place, which will make it difficult to control the diseases.

Conditions regarding the storage of Human Milk

To our knowledge, it is important to consider a few conditions regarding the storage and provision of human milk:

  • Covered and safe arrangements should be made for milk production without male interference.
  • Milk should not be bought or sold; it should be done on the basis of purely human compassion and welfare. It is not permissible to set up a milk bank just to buy and sell human milk.
  • Every woman’s milk should be kept separately and disposable devices should be used so that special arrangements can be made for the prohibition of breastfeeding, because even breastfeeding is forbidden like blood relations.
  • The woman whose milk the child will drink will become haraam like her foster mother, her husband, foster father of the child, her son foster brother, her daughters foster sisters and other relatives as well as kinship. In this process, it is very important for the institution to take care of the prohibition of breastfeeding so that the sanctity of relationships is not violated and the distinction between halal and haraam is maintained.
  • Efforts should be made to breastfeed a child with the same woman so that at least a foster relationship is established. If another woman is also breastfed, it should be recorded in the child’s record, even if she has been breastfed only once.
  • The complete record of the child and her family should be provided to the woman whose milk is being fed, similarly the complete record of the woman and her family should be provided to the child who was breastfed by the said woman.


In our view, it is permissible to stockpile human milk and feed it to needy children, taking special care of the above conditions.

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